Rachlin, K., Wahbeh, H., Delorme, A., Radin, D., Carpenter, L., Ahmadzai, S., Valletta, S. & Yount, G. (2022, July 7) Salivary Neutrophil Sampling Feasibility in General Population for Gene Expression Analysis
Objective: Human gene expression studies typically rely on peripheral blood samples as a cellular source, however there are numerous situations in which venipuncture is contraindicated. To this end, an oral rinse-based method for collecting salivary neutrophils as a cellular source for gene expression analyses was previously developed and shown in a pilot study with five male participants to yield mRNA expression results comparable to those obtained from peripheral blood samples. The objective of the current study was to characterize the generalizability of the oral rinse-based method by analyzing unpublished RNA quality data obtained through a parent study that collected salivary neutrophil samples using the method from a larger sample size and including both men and women.
Results: The 260/280 nm absorbance ratios of the RNA obtained from 48 participants using the oral rinse-based method were within the expected range (average = 1.88 +/- 0.16) for the majority of the samples, and no significant differences in RNA quality were found between participants’ health, age group, or gender. Together with published data confirming the integrity of RNA obtained using the same method, these results support the feasibility of using this noninvasive method for obtaining samples for human gene expression analyses.