Radin, D. (2015). Psychophysiology and anomalous cognition. In E. C. May & S. B. Marwaha (Eds.), Extrasensory perception: Support, skepticism, and science (pp. 317–346). Praeger/ABC-CLIO.
Psychophysiology is the scientific investigation of interactions between the mind and the body. It involves development of tools, techniques, and methods of analyzing correlations between aspects of the mind, including perceptual, cognitive, or emotional activity, and aspects of the body, including the nervous, circulatory, and respiratory systems. Psychophysiological methods have become increasingly useful in studying anomalous cognition (AC) (i.e., ESP) phenomena because they provide objective ways of probing the unconscious mind, and AC—similar to other forms of perception—is thought to arise into conscious awareness from the unconscious (Carpenter, 2012). AC phenomena operating below the level of conscious awareness can manifest as bodily sensations and are inferred through words and phrases often associated with spontaneous AC experiences, for example, chills, stomach clenching, heart palpitations, gut feelings, and goosebumps. (PsycInfo Database Record © 2020 APA, all rights reserved)