Wahbeh H, Elsas SM, Oken BS. (2008) Mind–body interventions: Applications in neurology. Neurology; 70(24):2321-8. NIHMSID: NIHMS192293
Objective: Half of the adults in the United States use complementary and alternative medicine
with mind-body therapy being the most commonly used form. Neurology patients often turn to
their physicians for insight into the effectiveness of the therapies and resources to integrate them
into their care. The objective of this article is to give a clinical overview of mind–body interventions
and their applications in neurology.
Methods: Medline and PsychInfo were searched on mind–body therapies and neurologic disease
search terms for clinical trials and reviews and published evidence was graded.
Results: Meditation, relaxation, and breathing techniques, yoga, tai chi, and qigong, hypnosis, and
biofeedback are described. Mind–body therapy application to general pain, back and neck pain,
carpal tunnel syndrome, headaches, fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, muscular dysfunction,
stroke, aging, Parkinson disease, stroke, and attention deficit– hyperactivity disorder are
Conclusions: There are several conditions where the evidence for mind–body therapies is quite
strong such as migraine headache. Mind-body therapies for other neurology applications have limited
evidence due mostly to small clinical trials and inadequate control groups.