Research

Scientists at IONS disseminate the results of their research in peer reviewed academic journals, books and book chapters, popular press articles, and other publications. This section includes a selected list of publications by IONS researchers.

Selected Publications

  • The Worldview Literacy Project: Exploring New Capacities for the 21st Century Student

    The Worldview Literacy Project is an experiential pedagogy designed to increase students' awareness of their worldviews. The curriculum opens a conversational space of exploration where diverse worldviews are welcomed with curiosity and wonder, in service to creating the deeper collective understanding and more effective sense-making required to navigate life in the post-industrial age.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • December 2011
    • 14 pages
  • Psychophysical Interactions with a Double-slit Interference Pattern

    Previously reported experiments suggested that interference patterns generated by a double-slit optical system were perturbed by a psychophysical (i.e., mind–matter) interaction. Three new experiments were conducted to further investigate this phenomenon. A similar interaction effect was replicated in all three experiments.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • December 2013
    • 14 pages
  • Predicting the unpredictable: Critical analysis and practical implications of predictive anticipatory activity

    Presentiment experiments have been repeated something like 40 times by a dozen labs. In this article, Julia Mossbridge, Patrizio Tressoldi, Jessica Utts, John Ives, Wayne Jonas and Dean Radin discuss implications and potential applications of this phenomenon. The meta-analysis mentioned in this article considers only a clearly defined subset of the published studies.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • February 2014
    • 20 pages
  • Metaphysics of the Tea Ceremony

    Besides the use of fresher and perhaps more nutritious ingredients, homemade soup offers a component that is absent from commercial soups—mother's nurturing intentions. Do such intentions matter? A previously reported study investigated this question by exposing samples of chocolate, a natural mood enhancer, to focused beneficial intentions, and then testing under double-blind conditions whether people eating the intentionally treated chocolate would report better mood as compared to people eating untreated chocolate from the same source. The study's outcome supported the intention-enhancement hypothesis.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • Nov/Dec 2013
    • 6 pages
  • Electrocortical Activity Associated with Subjective Communication with the Deceased

    During advanced meditative practices, unusual perceptions can arise including the sense of receiving information about unknown people who are deceased. As with meditation, this mental state of communication with the deceased involves calming mental chatter and becoming receptive to subtle feelings and sensations. Psychometric and brain electrophysiology data were collected from six individuals who had previously reported accurate information about deceased individuals under double-blind conditions.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • November 20, 2013
    • 10 pages
  • Meditation and Neurofeedback

    With its increasing popularity, many people in Western societies express an interest and motivation to meditate. However, for many it can often be quite difficult to maintain a disciplined and or regular practice, for various reasons, ranging from a lack of time to general laziness. It is possible that machine assisted programs such as neurofeedback may help individuals develop their meditation practice more rapidly. Methods such as neurofeedback incorporate real-time feedback of electro-encephalography (EEG) activity to teach self-regulation, and may be potentially used as an aid for meditation.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • September 11, 2013
    • Online
  • Spiritual and Religious Competencies for Psychologists

    The field of psychology has already included religion and spirituality in most definitions of multiculturalism and requires training in multicultural competence, but most psychotherapists receive little or no training in religious and spiritual issues, in part because no agreed-on set of spiritual competencies or training guidelines exist. In response to this need, we have developed a proposed set of spiritual and religious competencies for psychologists based on (1) a comprehensive literature review, (2) a focus group with scholars and clinicians, and (3) an online survey of 184 scholars and clinicians experienced in the integration of spiritual and religious beliefs and practices and psychology.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • Online First Publication July 2013
    • 61 pages
  • Worldview Transformation and the Development of Social Consciousness

    In this paper, we examine how increasing understanding and explicit awareness of social consciousness can develop through transformations in worldview. Based on a model that emerged from a series of qualitative and quantitative studies on worldview transformation, we identify five developmental levels of social consciousness.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • August 1, 2010
    • 19 pages
  • Intuition through Time

    A great deal of human activity is involved in anticipating the future, from predicting the next influenza strain to the expectations that underlie the placebo effect. Most models of anticipation take for granted that events unfold in a unidirectional flow of time, from past to future. Two experiments were conducted to test this assumption.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • July 1, 2009
    • 12 pages
  • Mindful Motherhood

    From hormones to stretch marks, labor pains to diaper changes, motherhood is an adventure like none other. The rapid changes in your body, your lifestyle, and your very identity call for a certain mental agility. Mindfulness can help you meet the challenge ...
     

    • Books
    • May 1, 2009
    • 200 pages
  • Compassionate Intention as a Therapeutic Intervention by Partners of Cancer Patients

    This double-blind study investigated the effects of intention on the autonomic nervous system of a human "sender" and distant "receiver" of those intentions, and it explored the roles that motivation and training might have in modulating these effects.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • July 1, 2008
    • 9 pages
  • Effects of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention During Pregnancy on Prenatal Stress and Mood

    Stress and negative mood during pregnancy increase risk for poor childbirth outcomes and postnatal mood problems and may interfere with mother-infant attachment and child development. However, relatively little research has focused on the efficacy of psychosocial interventions to reduce stress and negative mood during pregnancy. In this study, we developed and pilot tested an eight-week mindfulness-based intervention directed toward reducing stress and improving mood in pregnancy and early postpartum.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • February 1, 2008
    • 8 pages
  • Testing nonlocal observation as a source of intuitive knowledge

    This study explored the hypothesis that in some cases intuitive knowledge arises from perceptions that are not mediated through the ordinary senses.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • January 1, 2008
    • 11 pages
  • Negative Affect, Emotional Acceptance, and Smoking Cessation

    This article describes recent theoretical developments and empirical findings regarding the role of negative affect (NA) and emotion regulation in nicotine dependence and smoking cessation.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • December 1, 2007
    • 10 pages
  • Effects of Intentionally Enhanced Chocolate on Mood

    A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled experiment investigated whether chocolate exposed to "good intentions" would enhance mood more than unexposed chocolate.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • September 1, 2007
    • 8 pages
  • Toward Understanding the Placebo Effect

    Conventional models of placebo effects assume that all mind-body responses associated with expectation can be explained by ordinary causal processes. This experiment tested whether some placebo effects may also involve retrocausal, or time-reversed, influences.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • September1, 2007
    • 7 pages
  • Double-Blind Test of the Effects of Distant Intention on Water Crystal Formation

    The hypothesis that water "treated" with intention can affect ice crystals formed from that water was pilot tested under double-blind conditions. A group of approximately 2,000 people in Tokyo focused positive intentions toward water samples located inside an electromagnetically shielded room in California.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • September 1, 2006
    • 4 pages
  • Of two minds

    The first author, a proponent of evidence for psychic ability, and the second, a sceptic, have been conducting a systematic programme of collaborative sceptic-proponent research in parapsychology. This has involved carrying out joint experiments in which each investigator individually attempted to mentally influence the electrodermal activity of participants at a distant location.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • August 1, 2006
    • 10 pages
  • I to We

    It is clear that human consciousness can be transformed through spiritual experiences and practices. Little is known, however, about what the predictors, mediators, and outcomes are of such transformations in consciousness. In-depth structured interviews were conducted with forty-seven teachers and scholars from religious and spiritual traditions and modern transformative movements to identify factors common to the transformative process across traditions.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • 2006
    • 17 pages
  • Experiments Testing Models of Mind-Matter Interaction

    Three models of mind-matter interaction (MMI) in random number generators (RNGs) were tested. One model assumes that MMI is a forward-time causal influence, a second assumes that MMI is due to present-time exploitation of precognitive information, and a third assumes that MMI is a retrocausal influence.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • 2006
    • 27
  • Gut Feelings, Intuition, and Emotions

    Investigate whether the gut feelings of one person, as measured with an electrogastrogram (EGG), respond to the emotions of a distant person.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • February 1, 2005
    • 7 pages
  • The Role of Transformation, Spirit, and Psychospiritual Approaches on Human Brain Activity and Immunity

    The word transcendent conjures images of seeking a mountain top experience, of catapulting above the mundane physical world into a realm where one is unaffected by day-to-day complaints. One definition of the term transcendent is "separate from" or "beyond." But the root of the word transcend is "to climb over or across," which may more accurately describe the lived experience of one facing an illness or other challenging experience. In the real world, transcending life's events has less to do with finding a way to avoid or remove them and more to do with developing ways to live with them on a daily basis.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • 2004
    • 4 pages
  • Electrodermal Presentiments of Future Emotions

    Many people have experienced intuitive hunches or forebodings about future events that later turned out to be correct. Most such hunches can be attributed to unconscious inferences, others are undoubtedly coincidences, instances of selective memory, or due to forgotten expertise. However, sometimes a hunch seems so intrinsically unlikely and yet turns out to be valid, that one wonders whether such experiences, often on the edge of conscious awareness, might involve perception of future information.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • 2004
    • 21 pages
  • Event-Related Electroencephalographic Correlations Between Isolated Human Subjects

    To examine electroencephalograms (EEG) in pairs of people to see if event-related potentials evoked in one person's brain are correlated with concurrent responses in the brain of a distant, isolated person.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • April 1, 2004
    • 9 pages
  • Effects of Healing Intention on Cultured Cells and Truly Random Events

    To explore effects of healing intention and intentional space conditioning on the growth of cultured human brain cells and the distribution of truly random events.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • February 1, 2004
    • 10 pages
  • Distant Healing Intention

    This paper provides definitions and a discussion of evolving guidelines for conducting research on the effects of distant healing intention (DHI) on living systems in the laboratory. We consider the relevance of DHI laboratory research to applied healing, special theoretical challenges, and other considerations that distinguish DHI research from other domains of laboratory science.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • May 1, 2003
    • 13 pages
  • Thinking about Telepathy

    Dean Radin, Senior Scientist at The Institute of Noetic Sciences, argues that telepathy is real, and suggests that quantum mechanics may ultimately provide an explanation of how it works.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • January 1, 2003
    • 5 pages
  • Random Event Generators

    The interaction of consciousness and physical systems is most often discussed in theoretical terms, usually with reference to the epistemological and ontological challenges of quantum theory. Less well known is a growing literature reporting experiments that examine the mindmatter relationship empirically. Here we describe data from a global network of physical random number generators that shows unexpected structure apparently associated with major world events.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • 2002
    • 14 pages
  • Exploring Relationships Between Random Physical Events and Mass Human Attention

    Exploratory study of the outputs of continuously operating truly random number generators (RNG) located around the world indicated that the largest daily change in variance in the year 2001 occurred on an unprecedented day in United States history, September 11, 2001.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • 2002
    • 15 pages
  • Ganzfeld Psi Performance Within an Artistically Gifted Population

    ESP Ganzfeld study with exceptional population, students from Juilliard School in New York City. Twenty undergraduate Juilliard students each served as a receiver in a single telepathy Ganzfeld session. Juilliard students achieved a significant success rate of 50%, double the chance of expectation. Students of music demonstrated the most outstanding ...

    • Scholarly Papers
    • April 1992
    • 14 pages
  • A Re-examination of the Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science

    The first report of a series under the Causality Issues in Contemporary Science project, funded in part by the Fetzer Foundation and Laurance S. Rockefeller.

    • Scholarly Papers
    • 1991
    • 110 pages
    Topics:
    Neuroscience

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